Sunday, 7 February 2016

Rothesay, Isle of Bute.

Rothesay Harbour  GJC_017544

Rothesay is the main town on the Isle of Bute located to the west of the Firth Clyde. It is easily accessible by regular ferries from Wemyss Bay on the south west coast of Scotland.

Seafront  GJC_017403

Railway Poster  GJC_017662_edited-1 (1)

The town of Rothesay itself sits on a north facing bay sheltered by low hills, it has been visited by an eclectic mix of people groups down through the centuries.

Fishing Boat  GJC_017410

Historically the employment of the town centred around the large cotton mills during the late 18th century, but their final demise came in the 1880s as a result of continuing external competition from the mainland. Conversely at the same time, the herring fishing industry was beginning to thrive.

Car Ferry waiting bays   GJC_017532

The close proximity of Bute to the seafaring route from Ireland to Scotland provided a gateway for the early Christian missionaries in the 6th century.  St Blanes church and other historic sites are testament to that fact found in the southern half of the island.
By the 8th century, the invaders were Vikings from Norway who weren't so peaceful or amenable and   kept returning at various times over a 500 year period.
An early simple fort was built by Magnus Barford in 1098 but his stay was short lived due to its destruction by the locals.

Castle Moat  GJC_017476

Later in the 13th century a stone circular castle and moat was built by The Stewart family which eventually became a royal residence.

Rothesay Castle  GJC_017475

The castle saw more Norse battle action, firstly in 1230 and then later in 1263, but despite initially losing the castle in the battles it was later reclaimed after the demise of King Hakon. The invader finally admitted defeat in the nearby Battle of Largs (1263).

Moat  GJC_017473

The English temporarily took control of Rothesay Castle from 1297 - 1311 during the wars of Independence until Robert The Bruce finally took it back into Scottish hands.

Castle Gatehouse  GJC_017479

Steps were taken to repair and improve the defences with four towers being added in the 16th century followed by a gatehouse and despite skirmishes with the English (Cromwell's Army 1659) and The Duke of Argyll in 1685, it was never tested again in battle.

Old Mansion House  GJC_017471_edited-1 (1)

Around this time, the Stewart family moved into the more comfortable Old Mansion House across the street. This building is currently being renovated as an educational facility looking at the history of the island.
The second Earl of Bute decided to move the family home again to the out of town and more opulent Mount Stuart in the east of the island leaving the castle derelict for many years.
The Crichton Stewarts restored the castle during the 19th century before being handed over for preservation, overseen and cared for by the organisation Historic Scotland.

Victoria Hotel  GJC_017505

Like many other resorts in the 19th century, it became a fashionable destination for those seeking to escape the progressive industrialisation for a weeks holiday, assisted by improved transport arrangements.

Fountain  GJC_017508

Many believed that Hydrotherapy could provide healing properties for body ailments ...

Greenery  GJC_017515

... and Rothesay was keen to replicate the success and marketing of other Spa towns in the UK as a fashionable holiday destination.

Statue  GJC_017516

Alexander Bannantyne Stewart was a merchant from Glasgow who had an interest in fine arts, sailing and horticulture. Due to his earlier family connections with Rothesay and his later influence as convener of County of Bute, he gave many benefits to the local people including a swimming pool.

Winter Gardens  GJC_017529_edited-1 (1)

The Winter Gardens were built as a result of the thriving music and entertainment business of the resort which had outgrown the bandstand built about 50 years previously. The attraction opened in 1924 at a cost of £7,000 with parts being shipped from Glasgow.

Lamps  GJC_017531

The venue served as a magnet for show business names of the day, many of whom went on to become famous.

Winter Gardens window  GJC_017504

Things remained much the same until the 1960's when the cheap European package holiday became more accessible resulting in a decline of the resort.
The Winter Gardens closed and threats of demolition became real in 1982, remaining derelict for some considerable time.

Winter Gardens interior  GJC_017527

The building was revamped as an exhibition and tourist information centre in 2000.

Rothesay Bay  GJC_017456

Whilst Rothesay is synonymous with maritime history, interestingly enough during World War II, many navy personnel were given training on submarines in the bay.

Harbour and Pier  GJC_017463

In addition to the newly styled Winter Gardens, the authorities in the town have shown much tenacity in recouping the tourism business by various measures including the upgrade of the pier.

Victorian Pier  GJC_017548

From the archives ... Shipbuilding on The River Clyde provided the constructed Paddle steamers that transported workers for their holidays from Glasgow "Doon The Watter".
Note the hotel transfers 19th century style !!

Hopefully with the amount of shipping transport in those days they didn't have to wait too long ....

Victorian Toilets  GJC_017495

Victorian Bricks  GJC_017496

And finally there were thankfully no earthquakes today ....

Fault line  GJC_017510

6 comments:

  1. Truly a beautiful area. I love seeing the castles and moats. Something many Americans only read about.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Definitely need to go there! Love this welcome sign:)

    ReplyDelete
  3. A fantastic area... Thanks for sharing these terrific images and giving us a wonderful tour....

    ReplyDelete
  4. Great stuff Jay....

    I met and married my wife in Rothesay, we lived on Bute for ten years and our three children were all born there. Great observation and some wonderful shots; thanks for posting!

    Kind Regards

    ReplyDelete
  5. Those are beautiful photos of the castle grounds! This is someplace I will never ever get to visit, and the photos are fantastic. I also really appreciate it that you add the location link so I could see where it is and how very far it is from the mainland. Great post, J, and amazing photos.

    ReplyDelete

Related Posts with Thumbnails