Monday, 21 December 2015

Corbridge, Northumberland.

The town of Corbridge in the Tyne valley grew from one of the most northerly settlements in the Roman Empire called Corstopitum. Variations of the name were prevalent throughout history with Coria becoming a popular name of the town just to the north of the River Tyne.
It was a place of strategic importance that intersected the north / south Dere street with the east / west Stanegate road as it supplied the troops on Hadrian's Wall.
I'll leave you to decide why it became Corbridge at a later date.

Church Portrait  GJC_014380

Following the departure of the Roman soldiers in the early 5th century, much of the stone was taken from nearby Hadrian's wall and the Corbridge Roman fort (half a mile to the west) to construct earlier parts of the town.
Village life evolved around St Andrews church, originally built in the 7th century by St Wilfred and his monks.

Doorway  GJC_014371_edited-1

During the following centuries there were structural and decor changes with influences from the Vikings and The Normans. The church was later upgraded in the 13th century.

Stained Glass window  GJC_014362

One of the lesser photographed stained glass windows portraying the washing of the disciples feet by Jesus.

Kings Oven  GJC_007303

The Kings Oven was a communal oven on the side of the church used by villagers for the baking of their bread and meat. It's first recorded use was in the Royal Borough of Corbridge in 1310 and it was last used in the 19th century.

Kings doors  GJC_007302

Church Landscape  GJC_014379_edited-1 - Version 2

The fortified rectangular Vicar's Pele tower with one room to each story was built within the perimeter wall of the church yard in 1318. This was used as an early vicarage. (seen above to the right)

Vicar's Pele Tower GJC_020585

It was a built as a stronghold to protect against the invading Scots raids which began from 1296. The building is three storeys high, has a parapet walk on the top level and was later abandoned, remaining ruined until 1910. After this point in time the Duke of Northumberland restored and re-roofed the tower.

Vicar's Pele Tower doorway  GJC_020577

The ground floor is a barrel vaulted chamber with a drawbar tunnel entrance which on this occasion of visiting was open for the sale of antiques. In all my years of visiting Corbridge, this was the first time I saw inside the interior of the tower.

Red Car  GJC_014379_edited-1

As a variation on a theme, my mother always used to tell me that it's good to have some red in a photo !!

Market Square  GJC_014375

The market square is adjacent to the entrance of the churchyard with a lane that runs alongside Vicar's Pele Tower ...

Lane  GJC_014363

The Pant  GJC_014378

The Pant in the market place was a drinking fountain erected by Hugh Percy Duke of Northumberland in 1815 building on previous supplies dating back to the 13th century. The fountain was discontinued in 1973.

Skrumshus by day  GJC_014372

Over the years Corbridge has developed a range of shops with character and individuality that attract tourists throughout the year.

Skrumshus at night  GJC_020599

In more recent years the town has initiated a Christmas shopping night where all the traders enter the festive spirit by decorating the shop windows. These come alive at night to enhance the event and the season.

Cookshop  GJC_020581

The Corbridge Cookshop (parent company JF Walton and son) is one of the modern day attractions for the visitor who loves the finer kitchen utensils. It also has an extensive range of household hardware and garden accessories around surprising corners.

Shop  GJC_020575

Santa and Brandy Snaps  GJC_020572


St Andrews at Christmas  GJC_020605

                             The festive goodwill is also extended to the market place

Middle street  GJC_020580_edited-2 (1)

         ....  and main street which are transformed in preparation for the shopping night.

GJC_025599 (1)

On the outskirts of Corbridge on the modern Stanegate road (aka The A69), visitors can enjoy the pleaures of picking a variety of fruit including Strawberries, Raspberries and Gooseberries at Brockbushes...
This farm has taken off in recent years with more luxury food produce and has gained recognition throughout the area.

Christmas Decorations  GJC_025598 (1)

This year I visited the Christmas market for the first time and was particularly impressed by the quality of the traders' goods.

Lastly there were also some imaginative and well thought out stalls ...

Doughcraft designs  GJC_025595 (1)

 ... that showed the meaning of Christmas with the "Three Wee Kings" ...

Nativity and 3 Wee Kings  GJC_025592 (1)

                                   Wishing you all a Happy Christmas.

Sunday, 15 November 2015

Brodick, Isle of Arran

Brodick Arrival  GJC_017243

Following on from the previous post of a boat trip on The MV Caledonian Isles, I arrived at the small village of Brodick on The Isle of Arran.

Lifeboat  GJC_017263

It was a place that I had only visited once before back in 1988 albeit for a day trip that involved several modes of transport. That particular day out included a very long train journey, The Waverley Paddle Steamer from Troon Docks and the largest fleet of double decker buses I have ever seen to transport the passengers from Troon railway station to the docks. Suffice to say that on arrival there was only a short period of time time to see Brodick.

Arran Coastline  GJC_017266

However on a similar vane there were so many offshore Ayrshire locations I chose to visit this week that there still wasn't enough time to see them all properly. Travel connections proved challenging having to connect with a ferry from a regional car drive from Irvine with usually a bus on an island.

One of the objectives for the day was to visit the National Trust for Scotland location of Brodick Castle. For a sparsely populated island, the bus service link passing the castle gate entrance was acceptable, although as a result I had to curtail my castle visit to two hours in order to additionally explore and photograph Brodick before catching the ferry back to the mainland with evening meal in Saltcoats.

Gate  GJC_017120

It's becoming quite a challenge at the entrances of National Trust locations to avoid being press ganged by the volunteers into paying the annual subscription fee. Much as I'd like to have the freedom to show a pass at these places and the opportunity to visit them on a more frequent basis, I would never get my use out of an annual ticket due to other travel ideas and additional time pressures that make up the year. I have given myself to carefully work out in my head the amount of money spent on NT properties over the previous year and on this occasion, the total spend was £7:50 on Lindisfarne Castle, £5 special ticket for a food festival at Wallington Hall (with free house entry) and £12:50 for Brodick Castle. The National Trust for Scotland ticket is just under £40 ... I'll let you do the Maths.

Brodick Castle  GJC_017162_edited-1 (1)

Brodick Castle was built on a south east facing slope in front of Goatfell on the north side of Brodick bay. In the past, The Isle of Arran and Brodick Castle have both been of strategic importance due to the islands size and its location in The Firth of Clyde.
Invasions and a stronghold of some sort has been present since the 5th century with The Gaelic invaders from Ireland to the subsequent invasion of The Vikings in 800 AD. After their defeat at The Battle of Largs in 1263, the simplistic version in history is that the Vikings seemed to throw in the towel as The King of Norway sold The Isle of Arran back to Scotland three years later.  An internal power struggle developed between England and Scotland over a few issues resulting in The English king overreacting and invading Scotland. The English troops based in Brodick were forced later to retreat by Robert the Bruce in 1307. The castle was later damaged by two further attacks and the Scottish King (James lll) decided to transfer it to his Brother in law, James Hamilton (1st Lord Hamilton). It was was left to his son, who was given the title Earl of Hamilton, to renovate and rebuild the castle into a tower house in 1510.

Brodick Castle  GJC_017135

The next period of history saw the castle survive attacks from fellow Scottish clans and a variety of other religious reasons. The 2nd Earl was seen to be in league with Mary Queen of Scots and had to deal with an army sent by Henry VIII. The 3rd Earl lost the castle as a result of not agreeing with the Presbyterian views of the ruler of Scotland and had his title converted to Duke. However he managed to regain the castle soon after at the outbreak of the Scottish civil war only to lose it again to the clan Campbells.

Castle Gardens GJC_017145

The Duke became embroiled and suffered in the English civil war and left Brodick castle to his daughter Anne. At the time though, Oliver Cromwell's army acquired the castle and extended it as a temporary barracks to defend the Firth of Clyde.

Tower GJC_017124

It seemed that Duchess Anne didn't like the traumas that affected Brodick castle and returned to the estates she had in Lothian and Lanark for good. She married the Earl of Selkirk who became Duke of Hamilton and used the castle for sporting and hunting activities. After a long period of time and as a result of family money from his mother, the 11th Duke decided to live there and took on a large building project to extend it further in 1844. It was unfortunate for the family name that his son had no heirs and the castle and titles were passed to distant cousins that had a female daughter.

Door  GJC_017127

On marrying the 6th Duke of Montrose in 1906 the castle left the Hamilton family after 500 years but he was credited with significantly improving the interior decor the castle.

Garden Entry  GJC_017151

As a result of taxes on death duties The castle became the property of the National Trust for Scotland in 1958 as a result of taxes on death duties in the family.

Shrubbery  GJC_017154

Portrait garden GJC_017147

Although the gardens date back to 1710 with additional work done in 1814, the extensions of the building in 1844 incorporated a significant amount of garden work to transfer the property from Castle to Stately home.

Landscape Garden GJC_017148

It became one of the passions for the family with the Duchess of Montrose being more prominent in that role.

Summer house roof design  GJC_017157

There was just enough time to check out the summer house before returning for the bus to Brodick and even thought the light didn't lend itself for a photo, the internal roof structure was unique in it's design.

Motto  GJC_017118

A last thought on the way out was the inscription on the gate ... "May he be shamed who thinks badly of it".

Brodick Bay  GJC_017186

The highest point on The Isle of Arran is  the distinctive peak of Goat Fell visible from the shoreline at Brodick. It stands at 2867 ft (874m) in height and is a magnet for hillwalkers of a more than average ability due to its ridges and scrambling routes.

Seats  GJC_017199

Brodick like so many other local place names in the area originates from a Scandinavian Viking word meaning Broad Bay.

Fiddlers  GJC_017201

There wasn't a lot to photograph from the street of shops overlooking the bay ...

Asia Arran  GJC_017198

... but there was an international trading company that did capture the imagination and humour !

Boat & Goatfell  GJC_017217

The last 15 minutes on the island were spent looking for boat art moments.

Boat  GJC_017218

Some seemed to work and others didn't in more ways than one ...

Sunk  GJC_017215

The ferry back to the mainland was a different vessel to the one I arrived in as it was an additional relief service.

MV Isle of Arran  GJC_017224

The MV Isle of Arran was built in 1983 and operated on the Ardrossan - Brodick route for the first 10 years of it's life before a larger ferry was required. After a long stint in Kennacraig, it has been operating additional services at peak times on it's original stomping ground since 2012.

Brodick  GJC_017227

Classic mix of Brodick Pier, MV Isle of Arran and Goatfell.

Bridge  GJC_017247

After a lifetime of 32 years, the news in 2015 was that the ship will be replaced in 2018.

Time for the relief vessel to enjoy semi retirement while it lasts .... !!

Snooze time  GJC_017281

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